Electronic Hours of Service Regulations
ELD rules were congressionally mandated to create a safer work environment and provide a more consistent, accurate and accessible method of logging driver service hours. These measures were put into place to make sure drivers take breaks at appropriate intervals and rest properly so that they can stay alert behind the wheel. Switching from manual logbooks to electronic hours of service tracking software makes it easy for companies to comply with the rules and for FMCSA enforcement agents to confirm that they are in adherence with the laws.
In essence, the implementation of ELD does not change your responsibilities of tracking driving and off duty hours. However, it requires you to utilize an approved service log tracking device and software system. Let's take a closer look at the types of drivers who need to abide by these rules as well as the essential statuses, rules and exceptions that apply to them.
Who Needs to Comply With ELD Hours of Service Logging?
The Hours of Service regulations apply to drivers who operate commercial motor vehicles such as semi-trucks and city and school buses, also known as CMVs. A vehicle will be classified as a CMV if it:
Weighs over 10,000 poundsHas a gross vehicle weight or combination weight rating of 10,001 or more poundsCan transport 16 or more people, including the driver; or nine or more people for paid transport purposesTransports hazardous materials that require placards
If your vehicle fits into one of these categories, then you are required to comply to Hours of Service regulations and maintain a qualified Hours of Service log.
Hours of Service Statuses and Rules
Electronic driver hours of service devices help to automatically track, manage and share data with increased ease and accuracy. In your Hours of Service log, you will log four types of behavior, known as statuses.
- Driving: This is the active driving you do in the vehicle.
- Off Duty: These are the hours you are not working.
- Sleeper Berth: These are the hours when you are sleeping in your truck's sleeper area.
- On Duty: These are the non-driving working hours, such as time unloading freight, fueling the vehicle, maintaining the vehicle or inspecting the vehicle.
Hours of Service regulations are designed to ensure that drivers are alert and awake on the road, preventing errors and accidents due to driver fatigue. The current Hours of Service regulations are as follows:
- 11 Hours of Driving: Drivers must not drive more than 11 total hours before taking a 10-hour break. This only refers to driving hours.
- 14 Hours of On-Duty Work: Drivers must take a 10-hour break after 14-hours of on-duty status.
- 70 Hours in Eight Days: Drivers cannot spend more than 70 hours in eight days of driving status and on-duty status combined. After eight days, the time resets. In order to reset the 70 hours beyond the eight days, the driver must take a 34-hour break. Drivers may choose to count by seven days instead of eight, in which case they are limited to 60 hours per a seven-day period.
- Eight-Hour, 30-Minute Break: After eight hours of driving or on-duty status, the driver must take a 30-minute off-duty or sleeper status break.
- 10-Hour Break: Every 11 hours driving or 14 hours on duty, the driver must take 10 hours of off-duty and/or sleeper-duty status to reset the clock.
Exceptions to the Rules
While these rules are fairly straightforward, there are a few exceptions that are worth noting. These exceptions do not mean the vehicle is not a CMV, but they do release the driver from the responsibility of maintaining a log. Here are the current exceptions:
- If you are a short-haul, interstate carrier that operates within either 100 (CDL Driver) or 150 air miles (Non-CDL Driver) of your work location
- Drivers who use paper RODS for no more than 8 days out of every 30-day period.
- Drivers of vehicles manufactured before 2000.
- Drivers who conduct drive-away-tow-away operations, where the vehicle is the commodity being delivered, or the vehicle being transported is a motor home or a recreation vehicle trailer with one or more sets of wheels on the surface of the roadway.
The ELD Mandate
Finally, the ELD mandate requires that these logs be kept electronically. Most drivers and fleets must have ELD (electronic logging devices) installed and in effect by Dec. 18, 2017, if the truck is a model year 2001 or higher. Fleets that are still in need of these ELDs will find easy-to-understand ELD mandate compliant systems through Track Your Truck. Failure to maintain ELD Hours of Service logs after the upcoming deadline will result in fines and penalties for both the driver and the fleet. Thus, if you do not already have a compliant system in place, now is the time to implement it.
Track Your Truck Hours of Service Tracking Software
We offer comprehensive and affordable solutions that will get you up to date with the current rules of the ELD mandate. Our FMCSA Certified Devices are available free of charge with your monthly subscription, and instantly start to track real-time driver hours of service.
Track Your Truck ELD hours of service logging software is simple to install and learn. Our wireless-certified system ensures reliability and updates to reflect the latest hour tracking technologies. We offer ELDs that seamlessly integrate with our innovative fleet tracking program, so you can rest assured that your drivers remain in compliance.
Other benefits include:
- Improved oversight of driver availability based on up-to-date hours of service reporting
- Organized record-keeping maintained in a secure, easily accessed digital environment
- Ability to provide safety officers with electronic log information from anywhere at any time
- Increased accountability by eliminating the opportunity to alter and falsify paper records
- More storage room in the cab and less time, distractions and errors associated with manual logging
Partner With Us for Driver Hours of Service Tracking Software
Track Your Truck will work with you to deliver a customized ELD solution that fits your needs and budget. Whatever type of commercial vehicle or fleet size you have, we have the products and technology to put your service hour tracking and reporting capabilities on the cutting edge. We continually update our hours of service tracking software and monitor changes in the requirements to ensure you remain in compliance.
View our blog post from more information on electronic driver hours of service log tracking regulations and request your product demo for a closer look at our hours of service tracking software in action. For additional details, give us a call at 888-434-3848 orcontact us online to get a free quote.